A group of researchers from Lancaster University has developed a new type of Wi-Fi that transmits data wirelessly using nuclear radiation.
The scientists were able to transfer data using fast neutrons from a radioactive isotope known as californium-252, according to what the institution reported.
The information that was generated (numbers and words), was encoded in the neutron field and successfully transmitted to a laptop, where it was decoded.
The results of this study were published in the journal Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. The researchers believe that this technology could have many applications in real life.
“We demonstrate the potential of fast neutron radiation as a means of wireless communication for applications where conventional electromagnetic transmission is not feasible or is inherently limited,” explained Professor Malcolm Joyce, lead author of the study.
According to the authors, the main problem with conventional electromagnetic waves is that they are considerably weakened by transmission through materials, including metals.
The scientists explain that this Wi-Fi that works by nuclear radiation is useful for scenarios that can be critical to safety, such as maritime structures or in complicated scenarios such as emergency rescue operations.
According to the authors, in this case the neutrons will continue to be able to transmit information despite unfavorable structural conditions.
Another advantage is that they can be incorporated into mixed-signal electronic systems to achieve a combination of signals between electrons and neutrons, thus guaranteeing the integrity of the information transfer.