The vegetables cells They are amazing: one day they can be a leaf, but if that doesn’t work well for them, they can easily turn into a root or a stem. It may sound strange, but for plants it is not at all: it is known as vegetative reproduction, and cacti are especially adept at this task.
Cacti and succulents: how to make them survive indoors
If a Cactus loses a piece of its body, it will not pose a major problem: whether it loses a segment (such as those of the rabbit ear cactus, Opuntia microdasys or the Opuntia humifusa) as if it is a piece of its stem, with a little help, this can quickly transform into a new plant, with its own roots.
In addition, multiplying a cactus is an easy task, suitable for anyone who has just landed in the world of plants. Another reason to try? From a single cactus that has cost you, say, 9 euros, you can get free plants worth several hundred euros; enough to fill your house with green, and give away.
When is the best time to multiply a cactus?
Although you can multiply your cacti at any time of the year, the best time to take cuttings or cuts is the summer and during the spring months, when it is immersed in its growing season. [¿Quieres que tus cactus se pongan enormes? Aquí tienes los trucos.]
Although you can get good results until well into October. It is so useful: whether you accidentally break a piece of a cactus or if you have run over the watering can, and your desert plant inhabitant complains and shows it by wilting, an emergency multiplication can become the best rescue.
Step 1. Do you want to multiply a cactus? Take pliers or scissors
Segmented cacti, such as the characteristic spiked ears of the rabbit ear cactus of which we have spoken, they are the easiest to multiply. You only need to arm yourself with a pair of tongs or kitchen tongs or, if you don’t have one, put on some thick gloves, and tear off one of the ears.
Do not trust: no matter how harmless or small these thorns may seem to you, they can be very painful. Now if you have a chubby cactus, like the Echinopsis oxygona, that generates a multitude of small lateral shoots; or the adorable Escobaria vivipara, The surface of which is completely covered with fine thorns (and, when it blooms, gives us purple buds that take your breath away), it will be easier for you to cut from the base.
I mean, try cut or split an individual head at ground level. To do this, make a straight cut and as clean as you can with a very sharp knife. Now: if you have a cactus that grows tall, forming a kind of column, you will need to cut off a good piece of its head from above.
This trick is also useful when you have a cactus that is withered, or that begins to poach at the base: cut off its head without fear, and keep the healthy part. [Aquí tienes los trucos para multiplicar la albahaca del súper, y hacerla casi eterna.]
Step 2. Leave the cactus on a plate to heal
Now, lay your piece of cactus on a plate: you need that the cut heals; that is, a callus must form, to protect its fresh and moisture-packed meat. And this happens when you leave your piece of cactus in the air.
It may take a few days or just 24 hours, if you do it now, when it is still quite hot. But it can also take you a few weeks, if the surface is larger, or you do it once it happens in summer.
Step 3. Put your cactus in a pot, lying down or upright
Once you have the callus or hardness formed, you can place your piece of cactus on the ground, in a small pot. As we told you a few weeks ago, cacti need a substrate that drains very well, since their tissues rot easily if they get flooded.
You can use a special substrate for cacti, or add garden gravel to your universal substrate (at least one part of gravel for each part of substrate). Water well, and make sure your pot drains easily. If not, try adding five parts of gravel to one part of substrate or compost.
Place the cactus cuttings lying down or vertically; But if your original cactus is upright, put it upright, in an upright position. Water well, and do not take the watering can again until the soil is completely dry. And leave your pot in a bright place, but away from direct sun.
And how long do I wait for the new cactus to come out?
In summer, you can have a new plant in just a few days; But, without so much heat, it may take you a little longer, even several months. Do not despair: you will know that your cactus has grabbed when you feel firm. Or when you turn your pot over, and its roots poke through the hole. Good luck!
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