If justice takes three years to respond to an urgent issue, such as challenging a dismissal, is it still justice? The UGT union has denounced this Friday the “lack of protection” of citizens and the loss of efficiency of justice in the social courts due to the increase in delays in resolving litigation. “A good part of the social courts are signaling in 2023-2024 and a significant part in 2025, with borderline cases, which are signaling in 2026,” denounces a union report presented this Friday. The worst records occur in Andalusia and, specifically, Seville.
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According to the data collected by the union, “25%” of the social courts process the so-called urgent procedures, such as dismissals and cases on fundamental rights, among others, “in terms that are around the year”, a “difficult period to assume”, considers the trade union organization. “This is the first instance because in most cases the sentences are likely to be appealed to the Superior Court of Justice,” he warns. the study.
In the so-called ordinary procedures, “more than 26% of the courts examined have indications of more than 18 months,” indicates the study presented this Friday. “These types of procedures are used to claim unpaid wages, but also Social Security benefits, pensions and, recently, the minimum vital income,” they remember in UGT.
Andalusia, the worst stop by far
The review of times carried out by the union has a clear loser: Andalusia. It is the Community that accumulates more delays both in urgent cases, with trial indications that go even to “36 months”, as well as in ordinary procedures, with delays of up to “54 months”, explained this Friday the deputy secretary General of the UGT, Mariano Hoya, and the Confederal Secretary, Fernando Luján.
The union officials have raised the alarm on Seville, which have warned that it accumulates the greatest delays in the country, for which they have demanded from the Community and the judiciary an analysis of the causes and a reaction to solve the delays. “The situation in Seville is very worrying”, warned Luján.
Although Andalusia in general leads the worst records on average, the union warns that there are significant differences between provinces, with “Almería and Jaén” with resolution periods of “a minimum of four months” in cases of dismissal.
The union underlines a “clearly distressing” situation in terms of ordinary procedures, with terms that “are around a year in Jaén and Cádiz”, but with other “courts that are indicating terms of more than four years”, where again they point to Seville. “In any case, the accusations of more than 24 months are frequent in almost all the autonomous communities,” says the report.
After Andalusia and quite a distance, the union highlights the cases of Murcia, Aragón and Castilla-La Mancha with delays that reach a year in the reporting of urgent cases. As for ordinary procedures, the biggest traffic jams occur in the Andalusian community and then in Galicia and Catalonia, with a delay of 40 and 39 months, respectively.
UGT requires a detailed analysis of the delays, which in many cases have very concentrated focuses in certain courts. “The great difference in terms between different courts, even in the same province, is striking, which means that the same procedure can be processed in a couple of months in one court and that in another it can take up to three years,” he stresses. the study.