An average mileage of 40 miles per gallon (17 kilometers per liter or 5.8 liters per 100 km) will be required of cars in the United States from 2026. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) expects the regulation to generate savings of 220,000 million gallons of gasoline during the useful life of the cars.
The new standard from the administration of President Joe Bien raises the bar on what was established by his successor, Donald Trump, for internal combustion engines. The previous administration had established a mixed consumption at 28 mpg (11.9 km/l or 8.4 l/100km), reported media such as abcnewsciting the Associated Press (AP) agency.
The rule will be valid for cars from the 2024 and 2025 models, which should increase their efficiency by around 8% each season. By 2026, the tax will result in 10% lower consumption.
“Transportation is the second largest cost for American families, behind only housing,” said Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. In his opinion, the lower demand for fuel will not only have a positive environmental effect, but will also strengthen national security.
The fuel savings that the 40 mpg standard will bring, put forward the authority, will also translate into “freedom for our country, to chart its future without being subject to other countries and to the decisions made in the boardrooms of the energy companies”.
The AP chronicle pointed out that, after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the cost of gasoline averaged $4.22 per gallon in the United States. Twelve months earlier, the American Automobile Association (AAA) calculated, it was worth $2.88 a gallon.