The new foreign minister of Venezuela, Felix Plasencia, has called on Spain to comply with extradition requests of Venezuelan citizens who reside in Spanish territory and who have “debts to justice”. The claim was presented the same day that the Spanish Foreign Minister, Jose Manuel Albares, referred from Washington to the victory of the opposition in the elections in the state of Barinas and assured that there is still “a democratic path and dialogue in Venezuela.”
Plasencia has requested that “the judicial authorities of Spain respect the requirements of the Venezuelan legal system and extradite escaped criminals and they flee from Venezuelan justice». Although the foreign minister did not specifically refer to any request, among the most important requests is that of the former Chavista intelligence chief, Hugo “The Chicken” Carvajal, claimed for treason and conspiracy.
There are other delusional requests that respond to political motives, such as that of the Venezuelan opponent Leopoldo López, exiled in Madrid since 2019, and sentenced by the regime to 13 years in prison. Last year, the leader of the Voluntad Popular party presented a document before the National High Court in which makes available to the Central Courts against the extradition request agreed in Venezuela. Maduro had already ruled on the López case last July when he summoned former Foreign Minister Arreaza to begin the extradition process. “The Government of Spain cannot be an accomplice of terrorism and violence against the Venezuelan people,” he said.
Venezuela has filed almost a dozen extradition requests before the Spanish courts, among which are that of Adrian Velazquez and Claudia Patricia Diaz Guillen, former head of security and personal nurse of Hugo Chávez for illicit enrichment and money laundering; Hugo “The Chicken” Carvajal, former head of Intelligence of the Venezuelan government; Nervis Villalobos Y Javier Alvarado-Ochoa, who were deputy ministers of Energy and Electrical Development in the Chávez era, for money laundering from bribes from the state oil company Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) and the former manager of Prevention and Control of Losses of PDVSA, Rafael Ernesto Reiter.
A record carried out by the NGO Transparencia Venezuela indicates that the Government of Maduro has initiated 18 extradition processes against former high-level officials or people who were close to the regime since 2017. Of these, 8 were directed to the Spanish judicial authorities; that is, 57%. However, the National Court has denied six procedures but, instead, has approved three of those requested by the US: that of Velázquez, Díaz and Carvajal.