The team of archaeologists working since 2017 in an area of northern Pompeii (southern Italy), the city that was buried in 79 AD. Due to the eruption of Vesuvius, it has discovered a small room, in which some slaves lived, possibly a family with a son, who were in charge of maintaining the villa of its owners, the Italian Ministry of Culture reported today.
The discovery has occurred in the area of the town of Civita Giuliana, located in the north of Pompeii and which has already brought to light in recent months other discoveries, such as an almost intact ceremonial float or a stable with the remains of three horses.
Now, this modest room, found “in an exceptional state of conservation”, will enrich “even more the knowledge of the daily life of the ancient Pompeians” and specifically of a part of society, of whose lifestyle quite little is known. Culture Minister Dario Franceschini said in a statement.
The reduced accommodation, of about 16 square meters, is located near the portico of the town where, in January 2021, a ceremonial float was located, which is currently being restored.
Thanks to the refinement of the mold technique invented by Giuseppe Fiorelli in the 19th century, three beds and other objects belonging to these people have been found, who were probably the employees who took care of the daily work of a Roman villa, including the work of maintenance and preparation of the horse cart.
Three wooden cots and a chest, also made of wood, have been found with metal objects and fabrics that archaeologists believe could be part of horse harnesses.
The beds were roughly worked wooden boards, which could be assembled according to the height of those who used them. Two beds are about 1.70 meters long, while the other is only 1.40 meters, so experts deduce that it could be a child. Underneath, personal objects were kept, such as amphorae to keep objects, ceramic jugs and the “urinal”.
The room had a small window at the top and lacked decoration on the walls. “In addition to serving as a bedroom for a group of slaves, perhaps a small family as the child-sized crib would suggest, the setting served as a storage room, as evidenced by eight amphoras huddled in the corners left free for this purpose “, explained the Italian ministry.
The town of Civita Giuliana, which has had archaeologists in the area since 2017, was for years the object of systematic looting and part of the archaeological heritage has been lost due to tunnels dug by grave robbers that have generated a total damage estimated at almost 2 million euros in the entire town, according to the calculations of the Italian ministry.