in the last few months Moscow has once again unleashed a major crisis in Eastern Europe by concentrating some 100,000 soldiers along the Ukrainian borders. And although at first the idea that President Putin really intended to invade the neighboring country was quite preposterous, Russia’s latest moves have put the former Soviet republic and NATO on notice of a possible invasion.
Russia refuses to accept Ukraine’s rapprochement with the OTAN Yet the European Union, since it considers this country as part of its space of influence and Russian identity.
The origin of the conflict
In November 2013, the Ukrainian president Victor Yanukovych, suspends the signing of an association agreement with the European Union due to pressure from the Russian government, which offered significant economic compensation in exchange for this break with the European body.
This leads to major protests against the government, which continue until February, when the state security forces end the lives of about 100 protesters.
The death of these people leads the Ukrainian people to great indignation, which forces Yanukovych to flee the country. At the same time, in the capital of the Crimean peninsula, Simferopol, pro-Russian militants begin to clash with supporters of Ukrainian unity. Russia, for its part, infiltrates Russian soldiers into the territory to force the annexation of the former Soviet republic.
On March 16, a referendum in crimea to decide whether the peninsula remains a Ukrainian territory or ends up coming under Russian control. Russia annexation wins with more than 97% of the vote amid accusations of fraud. On March 18, Putin signs the incorporation of Crimea into his territory, a fact that the international community does not recognize.
At that moment, NATO stops collaborating with Moscow and the EU imposes sanctions on the Kremlin.
In the months of April and May, the events that occurred in Crimea begin to be replicated in the Donbass region, when Donetsk and Lugansk separatist groups they proclaim themselves ‘people’s republics’ and ask to be part of the Russian territories. Thus, eastern Ukraine becomes the scene of the last European war, which confronts pro-Russian separatists, with the support of the Moscow army, and the Ukrainian Army.
On September 5, 2015, Ukraine, Russia and the separatists sign a agreement in Minsk to end the war and a ceasefire that barely lasts a week goes into effect.
Finally, on December 10, 2019, Putin and the Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky
they agree in Paris to resume the peace process in Ukraine and in July 2020 Kiev and the Donbass separatists agree to recover the truce.
2021 and 2022
At the end of March 2021, the Ukrainian president approves the decision taken in the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (SNBO) to implement a strategy that allows strengthen the military potential of the country in the face of an eventual entry into NATO and with the declared objective of recovering Crimea and control over the rebel territory of Donbass.
Russia then begins to move troops to its borders with Ukraine and to the Crimean peninsula.
On August 23, 46 states and organizations, including NATO, financed in Kiev the Crimean platform, in which the West demands that Russia return the peninsula to Ukraine.
In December, Russia continues to send troops to the border, and the EU threatens to impose “brutal sanctions” if it ends up invading Ukraine.
In January 2022, the US believes that Russia is planning ‘false flag’ operations in Ukraine, such as acts of sabotage or violent attacks, to create pretexts that justify a possible invasion of the neighboring country.
“Russia Has Preset A Group Of Operatives To Carry Out What We Call A ‘False Flag’ Operation, Designed To Look Like An Attack Against Them Or Russian-Speakers In Ukraine And Which Will Be an excuse to enter the country», assured the main Pentagon spokesman, John Kirby.
Just one day before these statements, during the early hours of Thursday, January 13 to Friday, January 14, a massive cyberattack collapsed the government portals of Ukraine with threatening messages: “Be afraid and expect the worst”.