According to data from Foreign Ministry, in 2020 Afghanistan had a population of 38,055,000 people, living most of it in the main cities: Acceptance (2,536,300 inhabitants, although unofficially it exceeds 5 million inhabitants), Kandahar (450,300 inhabitants), Mazar-e-Sharif (about 315,000 inhabitants), Herat (349,000 inhabitants), Jalalabad (about 200,000 inhabitants) and Kunduz (about 160,000 inhabitants).
Its territory covers a total area of 652.225 km2, of which around 75% is mountainous. The Hindukush mountain range, which reaches more than 7,600 meters, crosses it from southwest to northeast. The westernmost foothills of the Hindukush, the Paropamisu mountain range, lie north of Herat and south of Badghis. To the northwest of the mountain range, we find an area of very rugged low-altitude mountain ranges and some plains. To the south extends a desert area, quite flat and arid, that connects with the deserts of the Pakistani and Iranian Baluchistan.
Afghanistan is a country punished by war and national and international conflicts. With the withdrawal of the US military from the territory after 20 years and the flight of the Afghan president, Ashraf Ghani, the taliban they took Kabul on August 15, taking control of the entire country. Thus, it is feared that Islamic fundamentalists will reimpose their law, the ‘Sharia‘, in its most radical form, and re-sow the’ reign of terror ‘, as they did between 1996 and 2001.
The current situation in Afghanistan has led to the flight of many of its inhabitants. However, this crisis is not new. In 2020 it is estimated that 14 million people needed humanitarian aid, compared to 9.4 million in 2019. And, the coronavirus pandemic has seriously affected the poorest countries.
Notably Afghanistan It is the third country with the highest number of forcibly displaced inhabitants, whether they are asylum seekers or refugees. UNHCR data reflects that there are around the world at least 2.6 million Afghan refugees, 11% of all refugees worldwide.