Afghanistan it has become the focus of all eyes in recent weeks. Taking of Acceptance by the taliban after the president’s flight Ashraf Ghani it derived in a true generalized stampede of the citizenship. The fear of a new ‘reign of terror‘has caused the international community to carry out an unprecedented air operation that has achieved evacuate more than 100,000 people. Today, August 31, with the US withdrawal from Afghan soil, this operation has come to an end.
The taliban victory It is a real tragedy for Afghans, especially for women and girls, whose rights and whose physical and psychological integrity are totally erased with the extreme application of the ‘Sharia‘, Islamic law. However, the departure of the United States from the territory after twenty years puts an end to the pro-Western regime of Kabul, a fact that can influence the international board and benefit other powers who see Afghanistan as a good geopolitical ally.
During the war against Al Qaida and the Taliban after the 9/11 attacks, Pakistan It was, in theory, an ally of the United States. Thus, in the last two decades, the Pakistani army has received billions of dollars for its weapons and training, although Washington has acknowledged that part of that money disappeared in undeclared activities.
However, the government of the Republic of Pakistan does not appear to be bothered with the American return home and the rise to power of religious fundamentalists. In fact, just the day after the conquest of Kabul, the same Imran Khan, President of the country, assured at an event in Islamabad that Afghans «they had broken the shackles of slavery‘, Pointing to the Taliban as an example of empowering authenticity. The leader insisted that the westernized education that was imparted in the country after the arrival of the United States and NATO was a kind of “mental slavery.”
On the other hand, the Pakistani Foreign Minister, Shah Mahmood QureshiAs Europa Press collects, it has assured that isolating Afghanistan “would be detrimental” for everyone while highlighting the importance of Pakistan as an intermediary in Afghanistan and helping third countries to evacuate.
In early 2020, during a World Economic Forum round table, the Afghan President Ashraf Ghani he scoffed at Pakistani claims that the Afghan Taliban were no longer operating from safe havens in Pakistan. “You can also say that the Earth does not revolve around the sun,” he said.
And it is that, for a long time, Pakistan militarily trained fighters in Afghanistan. Part of them merged with the talibanBut they maintained close ties with Pakistani intelligence agencies. In fact, a UN report published in 2020 estimated that there would be more than 6,000 Pakistani fighters in Afghanistan, most of them belonging to the local terrorist group. ‘Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan ‘(TTP), known as ‘the Taliban of Pakistan’.
Probably these connections between Pakistan and the Afghan Taliban led to the arrival of the leaders of Al Qaida to the country favored their hiding place until the arrival of the US military that ended the life of Osama bin Laden.
“The United States has naively given Pakistan more than 33 billion dollars in aid over the past 15 years, and the only thing they have given us is lies and deception, because they see our leaders as fools. They give refuge to terrorists those we persecute in Afghanistan, and they help little. IT’S OVER! ” Donald Trump on his Twitter account when he decided to break up with the Pakistanis.
Following the withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan, the geopolitical map of Asia has changed. Thus, China sees in the new regime an opportunity to project your power in the neighboring country, with which it shares 76 kilometers of border. As stated at a press conference in Beijing last Monday by the spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, Hua Chunying, “Our government will continue to develop good neighborly, friendly and cooperative relations with Afghanistan.”
However, as he points out Andrew Small, a researcher at the European Council on Foreign Relations, “This is not the result that China wanted. From their perspective, they consider it positive that the US is gone, but they would prefer that the Taliban had needed to reach agreements to achieve power. Stability is your top priority». An Afghanistan plunged into chaos could destabilize the region and facilitate the activity of radical movements ready to attack Chinese soil. Therefore, be solicitous with the military helps calm the situation and, at the same time, guarantee their support.
On the other hand, last Friday, August 20, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced that the new government of Afghanistan will not be able to access reserve assets and other resources from next week, in an attempt to prevent the Taliban from seizing new funds while the political situation in the Asian country is clarified.
And it is that, in the subsoil of Afghanistan there are abundant minerals considered essential for the energy and climate transition. Afghanistan has reserves of bauxite, copper, iron, lithium and rare earths”Says the latest annual report on Afghanistan’s mineral resources published in January 2021 by the United States Geological Survey (USGS).
Before the victory of the Taliban in Afghanistan, China, which already produces 40% of the world’s copper, almost 60% of lithium and more than 80% of rare earths, had “supported a number of Taliban factions in bringing facilitate access to certain particularly promising deposits“, Affirmed Guillaume Pitron, autor del libro” The war of rare metals “(La guerra de los metales raros) to France Presse.
Russia, along with China, has been one of the few powers that has decided not to close its embassy in Kabul. However, it does not have direct economic interests in Afghanistan, but rather seeks to strengthen its position in the Central Asian security issues.