“It is a historic day for the workers of this country”, has repeated the second vice president and Minister of Labor, Yolanda Díaz, after knowing the great social agreement on the labor reform. The government has succeeded in bringing employers and unions into the new labor market legislation after nine months of intense negotiation and a particularly difficult last few days. “It is the first reform in which workers regain rights, gain rights,” stressed the head of the Ministry of Labor.
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Díaz has shown great satisfaction, after the Executive reached the three-way pact in social dialogue for this key legislation. Something that a few months ago, and almost weeks ago, seemed impossible. “We comply”, highlighted by himself the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, in a message on Twitter.
“I want to give my firm and heartfelt thanks to those people, technicians and technicians who have been working for nine months at the social dialogue table on the fourth floor of this Ministry, headed by the Secretary of State, Joaquín Pérez Rey,” he stressed. the Minister of Labor before the media.
The person in charge of Labor also thanked the leaders of the social agents one by one for the agreement reached. As he usually does, in the first place, he mentioned Antonio Garamendi, leader of the CEOE employers’ association. The organization has approved the agreement despite resistance from strong employers such as Madrid and Catalonia, and powerful sectors such as Anfac (automobiles) and Asaja (agrarian). He then thanked Unai Sordo, CCOO leader, Pepe Álvarez, general secretary of UGT, and Gerardo Cuerva, president of Cepyme, the employers’ association of small companies, for their efforts.
The text that has been agreed this Thursday is very broad and includes among the most outstanding measures, that the sector re-fix salaries, changes to combat abusive temporality and creates future ERTE. “I think that from its entry into force we will see improved working conditions in this country,” said Díaz.
For her part, the First Vice President and Minister of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, Nadia Calviño, has described the tripartite agreement between the Government, employers and unions to carry out the reform of the labor market as “historic”.
“All the parties have worked intensely and with a constructive will to reach a good agreement that allows us to promote a more sustained and fair recovery over time,” said the First Vice President through a video published by her Department.
It thus considers that this agreement lays the foundations for a new Workers’ Statute for the 21st century. In addition, it allows Spain to meet one of the most important milestones of the Recovery Plan and continue to deploy in 2022 an investment program that is fundamental for the future of the country.
It is also, as Calviño has valued, a balanced agreement, which will allow, on the one hand, to reduce the temporality, precariousness and enormous volatility that have characterized the Spanish economy for decades, while providing legal certainty and a framework stable to promote the creation of quality jobs in this cycle of economic recovery that is now beginning.
Unions influence the recovery of rights
“We are facing an agreement that is the result of firmness and constancy,” CCOO and UGT have concluded in a joint statement. “Firmness and constancy in the face of the unilateral imposition of 2012 of a regulation that radically unbalanced labor regulation against workers. But also vision, because an agreement has been sought in order to be able to give legal stability to workers. rights of workers in this country “, the organizations have stressed. The agreement with the employers was sought with all the parties to ensure the legislation and give it stability and, in addition, it was a goal with a view to the reception of the Spanish labor reform in Brussels.
Like Minister Díaz, the unions celebrate that “for the first time in a democracy a modification of the draft” of the labor legislation is being undertaken “not in favor of the claims of the company, but of the working class.”
“Here we recover rights. Let us remember that, of the six labor reforms carried out in the 21st century, only one was carried out by consensus in 2006, –and three of them, 2002, 2010 and 2012– led to the calling of a general strike by trade union organizations. This retrospective look gives value to the agreement reached and also to the fact that it is the first in decades that is tripartite in nature, “emphasize the majority workers’ organizations.
Employers celebrate “internal flexibility”
For their part, the CEOE and Cepyme employers have also issued a joint note in which they value that “the agreement maintains intact the internal flexibility mechanisms that guarantee the adaptability of companies to circumstances, ensures freedom of business and legal security and contributes to Social Peace “.
Business organizations consider that the pact in the legislation on the labor market is “an exercise of responsibility on the part of employers, which provides certainty abroad and favors confidence in Spain after months with very damaging messages for companies , investors and the future of our country. ”
CEOE highlights as an achievement that the article on the substantial modification of working conditions has remained intact, that in the end the primacy of the sectoral agreement over that of the company is only in the salary issue (not also in the working day as it was raised in recent years drafts) and celebrates “the updating of the ERTE” for the future in the face of possible crises.